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DUTOPROL (metoprolol succinate and hydrochlorothiazide) is a combination tablet of metoprolol succinate, a beta adrenoceptor blocking agent and hydrochlorothiazide, a diuretic. DUTOPROL is indicated for the treatment of hypertension, to lower blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure lowers the risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular (CV) events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarction. These benefits have been seen in controlled trials of antihypertensive drugs from a wide variety of pharmacologic classes including metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide.
Control of high blood pressure should be part of comprehensive cardiovascular risk management, including, as appropriate, lipid control, diabetes management, antithrombotic therapy, smoking cessation, exercise, and limited sodium intake. Many patients will require more than 1 drug to achieve blood pressure goals. For specific advice on goals and management, see published guidelines, such as those of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program’s Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC).
Numerous antihypertensive drugs, from a variety of pharmacologic classes and with different mechanisms of action, have been shown in randomized controlled trials to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and it can be concluded that it is blood pressure reduction, and not some other pharmacologic property of the drugs, that is largely responsible for those benefits. The largest and most consistent cardiovascular outcome benefit has been a reduction in the risk of stroke, but reductions in myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality also have been seen regularly.
Elevated systolic or diastolic pressure causes increased cardiovascular risk, and the absolute risk increase per mmHg is greater at higher blood pressures, so that even modest reductions of severe hypertension can provide substantial benefit. Relative risk reduction from blood pressure reduction is similar across populations with varying absolute risk, so the absolute benefit is greater in patients who are at higher risk independent of their hypertension (for example, patients with diabetes or hyperlipidemia), and such patients would be expected to benefit from more aggressive treatment to a lower blood pressure goal.
Some antihypertensive drugs have smaller blood pressure effects (as monotherapy) in black patients, and many antihypertensive drugs have additional approved indications and effects (e.g., on angina, heart failure, or diabetic kidney disease). These considerations may guide selection of therapy.
DUTOPROL may be administered with other antihypertensive agents.
There is currently no drug history available for this drug.
DUTOPROL™ (metoprolol succinate extended release/hydrochlorothiazide) combines a beta adrenoceptor blocker and a thiazide diuretic.
Metoprolol succinate is chemically described as (±)1-(isopropylamino)-3-[p-(2-methoxyethyl) phenoxy]-2-propanol succinate (2:1) (salt). Its structural formula is:
Metoprolol succinate is a white crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 652.8. It is freely soluble in water, soluble in methanol, sparingly soluble in ethanol, slightly soluble in dichloromethane and 2-propanol, and practically insoluble in ethyl-acetate, acetone, diethylether and heptane.
Hydrochlorothiazide is 6-chloro-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide 1,1-dioxide. Its empirical formula is C7H8ClN3O4S2 and its structural formula is:
Hydrochlorothiazide is a white, or practically white, crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 297.74, which is slightly soluble in water, but freely soluble in sodium hydroxide solution.
DUTOPROL is for oral administration in 3 tablet strengths of metoprolol succinate extended release and hydrochlorothiazide.
DUTOPROL 25/12.5 contains 23.75 mg of metoprolol succinate extended release, equivalent to 25 mg of metoprolol tartrate and 12.5 mg of hydrochlorothiazide. DUTOPROL 50/12.5 contains 47.5 mg of metoprolol succinate extended release, equivalent to 50 mg of metoprolol tartrate, and 12.5 mg of hydrochlorothiazide. DUTOPROL 100/12.5 contains 95 mg of metoprolol succinate extended release, equivalent to 100 mg of metoprolol tartrate, and 12.5 mg of hydrochlorothiazide. The inactive ingredients of the tablets are silicon dioxide, ethylcellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, cornstarch, microcrystalline cellulose, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, sodium stearyl fumarate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, polyethylene glycol 6000, titanium dioxide, iron oxide (yellow), iron oxide (red) and paraffin.