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Questions & Answers
Side Effects & Adverse Reactions
DO NOT ADMINISTER FULL STRENGTH. K-SOL™ 10% AND 20% LIQUIDS WILL CAUSE GASTROINTESTINAL IRRITATION IF ADMINISTERED UNDILUTED. FOR DETAILS REGARDING ADEQUATE DILUTION, SEE DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Hyperkalemia (see OVERDOSAGE)
In patients with impaired mechanisms for excreting potassium, the administration of potassium salts can produce hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest. This occurs most commonly in patients given potassium by the intravenous route but may also occur in patients given potassium orally. Potentially fatal hyperkalemia can develop rapidly and be asymptomatic. The use of potassium salts in patients with chronic renal disease, or any other condition which impairs potassium excretion, requires particularly careful monitoring of the serum potassium concentration and appropriate dosage adjustment.
Interaction with Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Hypokalemia should not be treated by the concomitant administration of potassium salts and a potassium sparing diuretic (e.g., spironolactone, triamterene or amiloride) since the simultaneous administration of these agents can produce severe hyperkalemia.
Interaction with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (e.g., captopril, enalapril) will produce some potassium retention by inhibiting aldosterone production. Potassium supplements should be given to patients receiving ACE inhibitors only with close monitoring.
Hypokalemia in patients with metabolic acidosis should be treated with an alkalinizing potassium salt such as potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, potassium acetate or potassium gluconate.
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FDA Safety Alerts
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FDA Labeling Changes
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For the treatment of patients with hypokalemia, with or without metabolic alkalosis; in digitalis intoxication; and in patients with hypokalemic familial periodic paralysis. If hypokalemia is the result of diuretic therapy, consideration should be given to the use of a lower dose of diuretic, which may be sufficient without leading to hypokalemia.
For the prevention of hypokalemia in patients who would be at particular risk if hypokalemia were to develop, e.g., digitalized patients or patients with significant cardiac arrhythmias.
The use of potassium salts in patients receiving diuretics for uncomplicated essential hypertension is often unnecessary when such patients have a normal dietary pattern and when low doses of the diuretic are used. Serum potassium should be checked periodically, however, and if hypokalemia occurs, dietary supplementation with potassium- containing foods may be adequate to control milder cases. In more severe cases, and if dose adjustment of the diuretic is ineffective or unwarranted, supplementation with potassium salts may be indicated.
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K-Sol™, 10% Sugar Free, Dye Free, Alcohol Free – Each 15 mL (tablespoonful) contains: 20 mEq of potassium chloride (provided by potassium chloride 1.5 g), in a palatable, orange flavored, sugar free, dye free, alcohol free vehicle.
Inactive Ingredients: glycerin, methyl- paraben, orange flavor, propylene glycol, propylparaben, purified water, sodium citrate, sodium saccharin.
K-Sol™, 20% Sugar Free, Red, Alcohol Free – Each 15 mL (tablespoonful) contains: 40 mEq of potassium chloride (provided by potassium chloride 3 g), in a palatable, cherry flavored, sugar free, alcohol free vehicle.
Inactive Ingredients: cherry flavor, citric acid, D&C Red #33, FD&C Red #40, glycerin, purified water, sodium benzoate, sodium saccharin, sorbitol.
K-Sol™ 10% and 20% are electrolyte replenishers. The chemical name is potassium chloride and the structural formula is KCI. Potassium chloride, USP occurs as a white, granular powder or as colorless crystals. It is odorless and has a saline taste. Its solutions are neutral to litmus. It is freely soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol.