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Questions & Answers

Side Effects & Adverse Reactions


Ophthalmic ointment may retard corneal wound healing.

Legal Issues

There is currently no legal information available for this drug.

FDA Safety Alerts

There are currently no FDA safety alerts available for this drug.

Manufacturer Warnings

There is currently no manufacturer warning information available for this drug.

FDA Labeling Changes

There are currently no FDA labeling changes available for this drug.


Chloramphenicol should be used only in those serious infections for which less potentially dangerous drugs are ineffective or contraindicated. Bacteriological studies should be performed to determine the causative organisms and their sensitivity to chloramphenicol (See Box Warning). For treatment of ocular infections involving the conjunctiva and/or cornea caused by chloramphenicol-susceptible organisms.

Chloramphenicol has a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity and is effective against many gram negative and gram positive bacteria, including the following common eye pathogens:

Staphylococcus aureus

Streptococci, including Streptococcus pneumoniae

Escherichia coli

Haemophilus influenzae

Klebsiella/Enterobacter species

Neisseria species

Moraxella lacunata (Morax-Axenfeld bacillus)

The product does not provide adequate coverage against:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Serratia marcescens


There is currently no drug history available for this drug.

Other Information

ECONOCHLOR® (Chloramphenicol) is a sterile topical ophthalmic antibacterial prepared in solution and ointment forms. The active ingredient is represented by the chemical structure:

Image from Drug Label Content

Established name:


Chemical name:

Acetamide, 2,2-dichloro-N-[2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2- (4-nitrophenyl) ethyl]-, [R-(R*,R)]-

Each ml of solution contains: Active: Chloramphenicol 0.5% (5mg/ml). Preservative: Thimerosal 0.01%. Vehicle: Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose: Inactive: Boric Acid, Sodium Borate (to adjust pH), Purified Water.


Each gram of ointment contains: Active: Chloramphenicol 1.0% (10 mg/g). Inactive: Mineral Oil, Anhydrous Liquid Lanolin, White Petrolatum.


Econochlor Manufacturers

  • Alcon Laboratories, Inc.
    Econochlor (Chloramphenicol) Solution Econochlor (Chloramphenicol) Ointment [Alcon Laboratories, Inc.]

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