Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution Solution Morphine Sulfate Solution Recall
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Morphine sulfate oral solution (10 mg per 5 mL and 20 mg per 5 mL) are formulations of morphine, an opioid agonist, indicated for the relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain where use of an opioid analgesic is appropriate.
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Chemically, morphine sulfate is 7,8-didehydro-4,5 alpha-epoxy-17 methyl-morphinan-3,6 alpha-diol sulfate (2:1) (salt) pentahydrate with a molecular mass of 758. Morphine sulfate occurs as a white to off-white crystalline solid. It is soluble in water and slightly soluble in alcohol, but is practically insoluble in chloroform or ether. The octanol:water partition coefficient of morphine is 1.42 at physiologic pH and the pKa is 7.9 for the tertiary nitrogen (the majority is ionized at pH 7.4).
For the 10 mg and 20 mg per 5 mL strengths: Each 5 mL of oral solution contains 10 or 20 mg of morphine sulfate, USP and the following inactive ingredients: anhydrous citric acid, edetate disodium, FD&C Green No. 3 (fast green), glycerin, sodium benzoate, sorbitol and water and if necessary, sodium citrate to adjust pH.